What is Mephedrone?
As mentioned above, Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) is a synthetic compound of the cathinone class. Cathinone itself is a natural amphetamine, a kind of alkaloid found in the leaves of a flowering plant native to Africa known as Catha edulis (khat).
Mephedrone is a stimulant with euphoric and empathogenic effects that became popular in the UK, Ireland, Australia and Europe between 2007 and 2009. Its effects are often compared to those of amphetamines, metamphetamines, cocaine, MDMA (ecstasy) and other stimulants. Because of the intensity and the short duration of its effects, compulsive thirst for taking additional doses is often reported, making users take much more of the drug as they have initially intended.
Mephedrone is very often spread under the form of a white, light cream-colored or light yellowish powder or crystals. Although rare, it could also be found in capsules or tablets of various forms and colors, with or without logo on them. It is also often mixed up with caffeine, paracetamol, and sometimes even cocaine, amphetamines or ketamine.
The first country to officially ban the use of Mephedrone was Israel. Three years later, in 2010, the European Council proclaimed its decision for exercising control over the drug in the entire union. Under this order, all EU-member countries had to take the measures needed in conformity with the local legislation and include Mephedrone in its banned drugs list.